Further Reading

For a comprehensive history of The Manchester Guardian see The Guardian’s Archive pages:

History of the Guardian and the Observer - https://www.theguardian.com/gnm-archive/2014/dec/18/histories-of-the-newspapers

Key moments in the Guardian’s history: a timeline - https://www.theguardian.com/gnm-archive/2002/jun/11/1

The Guardian

Mills, William Haslam. The Manchester Guardian : A Century of History. Milton Keynes, 2016. Print. http://solo.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/permalink/f/89vilt/oxfaleph022353954

Raymond, Joad. News, Newspapers, and Society in Early Modern Britain. London: Frank Cass, 1999. Print. http://solo.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/permalink/f/89vilt/oxfaleph013689091

Rusbridger, Alan. News and How to Use It. Edinburgh, 2020. Print. http://solo.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/permalink/f/n28kah/oxfaleph022353950

Hammond, J. L. C.P. Scott of the Manchester Guardian. London: G. Bell and Sons, 1934. Print. http://solo.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/permalink/f/n28kah/oxfaleph011696295

C.P. Scott, 1846-1932 : The Making of the "Manchester Guardian.". London: F. Muller, 1946. Print. http://solo.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/permalink/f/89vilt/oxfaleph012429900

Barker, Hannah. Newspapers, Politics and English Society, 1695-1855. Harlow: Longman, 2000. Print. Themes in British Social History. http://solo.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/permalink/f/89vilt/oxfaleph013809722

Ayerst, David. Guardian : Biography of a Newspaper. London: Collins, 1971. Print. http://solo.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/permalink/f/89vilt/oxfaleph011178921

The Guardian Archive contains excellent articles about its history including:

Cross Street Chapel and Unitarianism

Holt, Raymond Vincent. The Unitarian Contribution to Social Progress in England. 2nd Revised ed. London: Lindsey, 1952. Print. http://solo.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/permalink/f/89vilt/oxfaleph011311272

Baker, Thomas. Memorials of a Dissenting Chapel, a Sketch of the Rise of Nonconformity in Manchester, and of the Erection of the Chapel in Cross Street. Lond, 1884. Print. (Dissenting Collection HMC)

Turner, Michael J. Reform and Respectability : The Making of a Middle-class Liberalism in Early Nineteenth-century Manchester. Preston: Carnegie for the Cheetham Society, 1995. Print. Remains, Historical and Literary, Connected with the Palatine Counties of Lancaster and Chester ; 3rd. Ser., v. 40.  http://solo.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/permalink/f/89vilt/oxfaleph012149981

Wade, Richard. The Rise of Nonconformity in Manchester; with a Brief Sketch of the History of Cross Street Chapel. England: Unitarian Herald, 1880. Print. (Dissenting Collection HMC)

Gordon, Alexander. What Manchester Owes to Cross Street Chapel : An Address. Manchester: Cross Street Chapel, 1922. Print. (Dissenting Collection HMC)

Burney, Lester. Cross Street Chapel Manchester and Its College. Manchester (114 Atwood Rd., Didsbury, Manchester): L. Burney, 1983. Print. http://solo.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/permalink/f/89vilt/oxfaleph011309495

Love, Jonathan.  A Grand Incarnation of Progress.  A study of Cross Street Chapel Unitarians and their Disproportionate Contribution to Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century Manchester. Nottingham Trent University, 2004. Unpublished BA thesis. (Dissenting Collection HMC)

Manchester Cross Street Chapel. Illustrations of Cross Street Chapel. 1917. (Dissenting Collection HMC)

Head, Geoffrey. “A Brief history of Cross Street Chapel”. Cross Street Unitarian Chapel, 9 April, 2021.  Online. https://cross-street-chapel.org.uk/a-brief-history-of-cross-street-chapel/

Additional articles available in The Inquirer and Transactions of the Unitarian Historical Society 

Harris Manchester College

Smith, Barbara. Truth, Liberty, Religion : Essays Celebrating Two Hundred Years of Manchester College. Oxford: Manchester College, 1986. Print. http://solo.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/permalink/f/89vilt/oxfaleph010014672

Davis, V. D. A History of Manchester College : From Its Foundation in Manchester to Its Establishment in Oxford. London: G. Allen & Unwin, 1932. Print. http://solo.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/permalink/f/n28kah/oxfaleph011474832

Parker, Joanna. Manchester College 1786-1986 : A Bicentenary Exhibition Organised by Manchester College at the Bodleian Library. Oxford: Manchester College, 1986. Print. http://solo.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/permalink/f/89vilt/oxfaleph011617727

Parker, J. H., and Richard. Ennis. Manchester College : A Short History 1786-1990. Oxford: Manchester College, 1990. Print. http://solo.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/permalink/f/89vilt/oxfaleph010533700

Dissenting Academies Online contains a wealth of material about higher education institutions that were established for dissenters including comprehensive information about the history of the College written by Dr David Wykes.  https://www.qmul.ac.uk/sed/religionandliterature/dissenting-academies/dissenting-academies-online/

We also have an Archive that contains important documents relating to the College’s history.  In addition we have the Library of Protestant Dissent, a collection that is focused primarily on Unitarianism and contains important research material. We are happy to answer any queries – librarian@hmc.ox.ac.uk